Making Democracy Work


Elections in Montana

How to register to vote. Where to vote. More...

Voter Information

Find information about an election—including who the candidates will be, ballot measures, voter registration, absentee voting, tracking your ballot, military voting, election results—at the Montana Secretary of State website.

Visit My Voter Page on the Secretary of State's website for the following services:

  • Check your registration status
  • Find your polling place, including a map with directions to the polling place
  • Check the status of your absentee ballot, if applicable
  • See a sample ballot, when available

Register to Vote

To vote in Montana, you must:

  • Be registered as required by law.
  • Be 18 years old or older on or before the next election.
  • Be a citizen of the United States.
  • Have lived in Montana for at least 30 days.

You cannot vote in Montana if:

  • You're a convicted felon serving a sentence in a penal institution.
  • You've been judged in a court of law to be of unsound mind.

How to Register

In Montana, citizens may register up to and on election day—except noon to 5:00 pm the day before elections—in their county's election office or by filling out and mailing a voter registration form available at post offices, libraries, the government pages of phone books or online at the Montana Secretary of State website.

How to Vote

At the polls:

Your voter confirmation card will include the location of your polling place or you can call your county election office to find out where to vote or you can find your polling place location online at the Secretary of State's My Voter Page.

Voters must show identification at the polls. ID may include a voter registration confirmation card, driver's license, tribal ID, student ID, Costco membership card, or any other photo ID that includes a name. A current utility bill, bank statement, pay check, government check or other government document that includes the voter's current address may also be used. If you forget identification or are not listed in the poll book, you may vote using a provisional ballot, which will be counted once election officials successfully verify your identity and/or voter registration.

By absentee ballot:

Fill out an Application for Absentee Ballot or sign up for the Annual Absentee List to have ballots for which you are eligible automatically mailed to you.

An application may be mailed, or dropped off at the county election office.

Applications must be received by the county election office by noon the day before the election. If you drop off the application you will be able to pick up the absentee ballot at the same time, once ballots are available (except from noon to 5 pm the day prior to the election).

An absentee voting packet will be mailed to the address you indicated on your application, or you can pick up the packet at the county election office at the time you apply for the absentee ballot, if ballots are available at that time.


Failure to vote in two consecutive federal general elections or to respond to a confirmation mailing from the local election office will result in your name being removed from the voter rolls. Re-registration is required in order to vote.

Also, if you change your name or address, you must re-register.

Primary Elections

Primary elections, at which candidates for county, state and national office are chosen, are held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in June in even numbered years. Montana law provides for an open primary which means that the party choice of the voter is secret. The voter may vote for candidates of only one party in the primary.